Socioeconomic Differentials in Mortality by Cause and Age in the U.S.
Allison R. Sullivan, University of Pennsylvania
The inverse relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality is well-known, but the mechanisms behind it are not well understood. This study compares differences in overall and cause-specific mortality by SES for adults over age 50 in the U.S. to see how the SES-mortality gradient varies by cause of death. Using Cox proportional hazard models, I find large all-cause mortality differentials by education. I find large differences in mortality by education for respiratory diseases, circulatory diseases, lung cancer, and endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases. These mortality differences inform how SES affects health.
Presented in Poster Session 1